Basic Overview of Herpes

What Is Herpes?

herpesHerpes is a skin disease that caused by herpes simplex virus which mainly divided into two types: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV 1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV 2). The majority of oral herpes cases are caused by HSV 1 and the majority of genital herpes cases are caused by HSV 2; however, type 1 or type 2 can occur in either the genital or oral area.

Herpes Symptoms

The herpes symptoms are sores, vesicles, or ulcers. The herpes often resemble small pimples or blisters that eventually crust over and finally scab like a small cut. These lesions may require two to four weeks to completely heal.

During the outbreak period, some people will experience second lesions, which will appear and flu-like symptoms, including fever and swelling of the gland, especially in the vicinity of the groin lymph nodes. Headaches and painful urination are sometimes accompanied by symptoms of the first episode.

Oral Herpes

Oral herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus (usually type 1), which infects the lips, mouth, or gums area. Oral herpes is often referred to as herpes labialis. herpes simplex virus type 2 also can cause oral herpes through oral sex.

People with active outbreak or sore can spread virus to another by intimate contacting and objects that touch an open sore, such as towels, razor. Family members who are infected with herpes can infect other healthy members during regular daily activities.

Oral herpes symptoms can last for one to two weeks without any treatment, and medication can help reduce pain and make the symptoms go away quickly. What you need to know is that 1 in 4 people with oral herpes will experience recurrences and symptoms vary from person to person.

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is caused by herpes simplex virus (usually type 2), which infects genital skin area. Genital herpes is a common and highly contagious infection, usually transmitted through sexual intercourse. Health people can get herpes from infected sex partner who haven’t symptoms, because the virus can be released through skin and spread the infection.

Most of the people who are infected with herpes don’t know they have a herpes because there is no any symptoms or mild symptoms. We can still check whether we have herpes by the symptoms of genital herpes. These symptoms may occur after you and your partner have sexual intercourse, including pain or itching, small red bumps or tiny white blisters, ulcers, scabs.

Herpes is incurable, but medications can ease symptoms and reduce the risk of infecting others. If you don’t get treated, genital herpes can cause painful genital sores. If you touch your sores or fluid from sores, you may be transferred to another part of your body.